Because his health was declining, Mandela chose to retire from public life in 2004 and war of the world games went on to reduce his number of appearances, although he was too prominent a figure to disappear completely.
Amongst opponents of apartheid in South Africa and internationally, he became a cultural symbol of freedom and equality.
As a sign of respect, many South Africans referred to Nelson Mandela as Madiba, his Xhosa clan name.
Meanwhile, Mandela celebrated quietly at home with his family.In January 2011, Mandela was hospitalised, prompting concerns about the health of the 92-year-old statesman.A towering figure in 20th century history, Nobel Laureate Nelson Mandela showed how wisdom and patience can triumph over bigotry and brute force.Mandela remained in prison until February 1990, when sustained ANC campaigning and international pressure led to his release.
The following year, he and several other students, including his friend and future business partner Oliver Tambo (1917-1993 were sent home for participating in a boycott against university policies.
The Nelson Mandela Foundation revealed that he was in Milpark Hospital in Johannesburg, although it said his life was not in jeopardy.
The body announced that his birthday, 18 July, would be known as Mandela Day.
The first in his family to receive a formal education, Mandela completed his primary studies at a local missionary school.
Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison on 11 February 1990.During his incarceration Mandela taught himself to speak Afrikaans and learned about.In 1961, he became the commander of the ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe.On, Mandela's 94th birthday, 12 million schoolchildren across South Africa honoured him with a specially composed song to mark the day.He and President de Klerk - who did much to dismantle the institutions of apartheid - shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.George W Bush not to launch attacks windows xp service pack 3 full version bootable on Iraq.Their second daughter Zindzi was born in 1960.Makgatho was born in 1950.On his 80th birthday he married Graca Machel, widow of the late Mozambican president Samora Machel.